Reply To: Level 1 Book Reading Assignment Discussions Forum #2

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Overall this is a very very good essay. I want to clarify a couple of points to make things a little clearer.


Point 1: About the statement:

“E) There are three traditions in Shetaut Neter (false)

The number of traditions in Shetaut Neter are 6:”


Indeed there some main traditions and then also ramifications of these, like branches off a tree. The important point additionally is that they are all related and if followed back lead to the trunk of the tree and thereby to the same root in the same Supreme Being.


Point #2: About the statement:

“The teaching was very important in the middle new Kingdom and considered a spiritual revolution at that time in the sense that it emphasized the worship of one god in the context of degradation where the multiplicity of the Neterus was understood as abiding reality and not as expressions of the one and only Supreme Being and their role as door ways to reach higher consciousness and spiritual enlightenment.”


Just to be sure there is no confusion by the reader, Atonism existed prior to the birth of Akhenaton but came to prominence at a time when Theban Theurgy (related to the god Amun and his trinity and company of gods and goddesses) had been in prominence for an extended period. There are some indications that the Amun tradition, though containing the same high philosophy as the other traditions, had become somewhat ossified, like we have seen with modern day world religions that become ritualistic, seated in power, materialistic, literalistic and corrupt; that is to say, some of the followers of Amun became corrupted by losing their way, thereby moving away from the mysticism of the tradition and towards materialism and egoism. This can happen if there is straying from the path and is one reason why the Ancient Egyptian tradition transferred power to different divinities in different epochs so as to renew the spiritual practice and be in line with the cosmic forces that are prominent in the universe at a given time (the concepts of the zodiac and great year relates to this idea). This stagnation can happen over generations whereby the mystics in a tradition die off and the followers gradually lose the focus of the teaching. Thus “new blood” in the form of emerging traditions which preexisted as seeds in Neterian tradition, henceforth come out as sprouts to revitalize the overall garden of Ancient Egyptian Religion along with their attendant sages and devoted priest(ess)hoods. So Atonism was a kind of reformist tradition and not a deviation as many Egyptologists like to portray it as. Akhenaton felt he needed to establish it in its own city just as had been done for Amun, Ra, Ptah, Net, etc. So he did not leave because he and Aton were not accepted as a legitimate tradition, etc.