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Name: Bastu Heryt Merri Net
Report Assignment for Book EM Vol.3 Shetaut Hemu – The Priests and Priestesses of Ancient Egypt, Chapter 1: The Power of the Priesthood in the Old Kingdom Era and the Downfall of Ancient Egyptian Culture due to the Deterioration of the Clergy, Caused by Attacks from Asiatic and European Countries and Western Religions Date: 10/31/2020
“The Government of Ancient Egypt was a Humanist Theocracy.” (Ashby, pg.46 EM Vol. 3 Shetaut Hemu—The Priests and Priestesses of Ancient Egypt. The above quote expresses the basis upon which Ancient Kemetic/Egyptian society and culture was founded, wherein the Hemu were afforded a high status that maintained the highest levels of spiritual order, without which the degradation and downfall of Ancient Egypt would ensue. A hierarchy was formed as far back as 5,500 B.C.E. A diagram provided in the text, “EM Vol. 3—Priests and Priestesses of Ancient Egypt” written by Sebai Maa, revealed that the Peraah and Nobles were at the top of this hierarchy, followed by the Hemu, then the Mer and Sesh (Superintendents and Scribes), all of whom presided over workers, farmers, and trade folk. This societal structure remained in place until 1,730 B.C.E., when Asiatic invaders swept into Kemet and brought about degradation in Kemetic society.
For over 3,000 years Ancient Kemet existed as a Theocracy led by a Peraah that not only ruled over political affairs of state, but also as a religious leader. As such, the Peraah was counseled by the Hemu in matters of state and spirituality. Another quote from the text reads: “In the most ancient times the priests and priestesses were accorded great respect and they exercised great power not only over spiritual affairs of the Temple,but also over political and economic affairs of state.” By contrast, in today’s Western society most, if not all, religious organizations serve at the pleasure of a corrupt state, wherein the priests and clergy endorse political agendas as a spiritual duty. They lack the purification brought about by Maatian principles, demonstrated by the Hemu of Kemet/Egypt of ancient times. This is the very reason why priests and priestesses were held in such a high status among the Royalty and people in general alike. The result was a society based in spirituality that led to a harmony and balance in all areas of the society.
The book “EM Vol. 3—Priests and Priestesses of Ancient Egypt,” maps out the gradual demise of Kemetic society, beginning with the invasion of Asiatic peoples in 1,730 B.C.E. “Lo the miserable Asiatic, he is wretched because of the place he’s in, short of water, bare of wood. Its paths are many and painful because of mountains. He does not dwell in one place. Food propels his legs. He fights since the time of Horus.” This studied quote by a Peraah to his heir brings to bear that harsh climates and terrain can result in those with harsh temperaments. Kemet, with its lush and abundant fields, unparalleled art and architecture, and even-tempered people would catch the gaze of foreigners who would invade their land, infuse their ill customs, leading to the degradation of Ancient Kemetic society. In 1,580 B.C.E., typically referred to as the “New Kingdom,” the Peraah sought to bring order back to society by driving out foreign invaders and taking up arms, thus, becoming more aligned with the Military (Mashau) rather than the priesthood. Eventually,it would be Generals, such as Horemheb, and Ramesu I that would hold the title of Peraah. For the first time in Kemetic/Egyptian history the Hemu would be relegated to a lower status in the hierarchy, which would eventually weaken the spiritual foundation of Kemet, leading to its downfall.
In summary, this chapter of Sebai Maa’s book “EM Vol.3—Priests and Priestesses of Ancient Egypt,” sheds new and powerful insights into the role of the Hemu within the hierarchy of a “Humanist Theocracy,” and how they were key in influencing not only the spiritual culture of Ancient Egypt, but also a righteous political order which led to a just and balanced society in all aspects. It also reveals that, unlike what the historians would have us believe, the decline of Kemet/Egypt was not sudden but gradual, over centuries, beginning with the invasion of foreign forces and continuing with the militarization of Ancient Kemet which was a blow to the Priest and Priestess hood. I cannot help but be left with thinking on how very similar this is to the battle of the human soul, invaded by the ego. Without guidance by the Higher Self, purified through Maat, the result is degradation and ultimate downfall of the spirit. Thus, the depictions of the Peraah, in battle on the walls of the Temple, controlling the inimical forces. This leads to the final following quote: “One of the most important duties of the Peraah is to protect righteousness and order (Maat) in society.”
Bastu Heryt Merri Net